Cherries for the first time has been considered as a fruit in Central Asia. 700 BC They were popular throughout the Asian continent. In the Roman Empire imported 100 BC. Pontus since ancient city in Asia Minor. From now becoming popular in Hellas and the Balkans. Only in the Middle Ages became known in England. At the time of the great geographical discoveries were brought to the Americas, Australia and New Zealand. Today, the share of the European Union is 40% of the world production of cherries, followed by Turkey and the U.S. – 13%.
Cherries treat cardiovascular diseases. Cherries are among the fresh spring fruits, but also a little known therapeutic food. They are rich in provitamin A, vitamins C and D, B vitamins, calcium, magnesium, nicotinic acid, a lot of potassium, which stimulates the activity of the cardiovascular system, phosphorus and iron. In the fruit has many iodine, fluorine, zinc, chromium, cobalt, silicon, nickel, manganese and copper. A pectin in them helps to clear the body of toxins, it reduces levels of blood sugar and bad cholesterol.
What are the medical characteristics of cherries?
Because of its high content of potassium, cherries are an excellent tool for promoting the work of the cardiovascular system and circulation. Mineral in combination with good physical activity, ensure a healthy heart, explained by the American Association of Cardiovascular Surgeons. Potassium supports the normal function of the kidneys, bones and muscles. It stimulates the retention of nitrogen, leading to an increase in muscle mass. Mineral assists in the conversion of glycogen, which stimulate muscle hypertrophy. In combination with the calcium in the milk, the potassium helps to strengthen bones and prevent osteoporosis.
Well ripened cherries which are deep red to black in color, contain anthocyanins and carotenoids that protect us from atherosclerosis and high blood pressure. It is believed that only one of cherries per day is sufficient to strengthen the blood vessel. In fruit contains coumarins oksikumarini – biologically active substances that reduce blood clotting and prevent the risk of blood clots.
The healing properties of cherries include fighting anemia as they are rich in iron and vitamins involved in the production of blood. It has been shown that the cherries treating rheumatism, arthritis and gout.
This is due to the high content of anthocyanins – red pigments which reduce inflammation and pain. These substances also have antioxidant properties that are important for cancer prevention.
Cherries treat certain diseases of the stomach and duodenum
Valuable fruit is indispensable and bowel problems and stomach. Contains vitamin-like substance inositol (vitamin B8), which stimulates the metabolism. The healing properties of cherries include diuretic effect – stimulates peristalsis and support the fight against excess weight. Intestines are stimulated by information contained in the fruit soft fiber, so in difficult intestinal activity recommended 1 tablespoon cherry juice concentrate, 3 times daily. Cherries contain amygdalin (vitamin B17) which helps with neurosis and stomach pain. They stimulate the whole organism, thanks to the fact that they contain similar substances female hormones. They tone the body and recover from overload.
Cherries have application in cosmetics – face mask with cherry puree tightens the skin and clean it. If fruits are acidic, recommended for oily skin.