Useful ingredients of bamboo
Useful ingredients of bamboo used in cooking, as a garnish for fish meal or Chinese vegetables. Bamboo is the group of evergreen plants. He has a powerful smooth stems, but is not part of the trees, but is part of the kingdom of herbaceous plants. Usually there are enormous size, but belongs to the family Poaceae (Poaceae), forming a separate subfamily (Bambusoideae). To this kind grasses fall about 50 genera with over 700 species. The primordial home of bamboo is the region of the tropics and subtropics, in Asia, Africa and America.
Bamboo grows in dense large communities, often forming forests. Bamboo can be found even in the Himalayas, at very high altitude – 4500 meters. Along with chrysanthemum, plum and orchid is defined by the ancient Chinese sages for one of the four noble plants. Pine, bamboo and plum were called „three friends of winter“, because only they are best withstood the cold gust of winter wind. Bamboo was valuable mostly because of his qualities related to health, longevity, endurance, flexibility, growth ahead, and stepped up, simplicity, honesty and spiritual exaltation.
Bamboo is monokarpno plant, i. E. Unpredictable blooms only once in a lifetime and then dies overblown. Blossoms rare – some species bloom of 30-32 years more – 60, even 100 years. The flowers are small, hidden in the recesses of leaves and almost unnoticeable or collected in large inflorescences metlichesti. The sudden blossom of bamboo forests are considered an extraordinary event, and promises deliverance from famine as many seeds of bamboo do not yield the rice taste.
Among the important bamboo species belong those of the genera Dendrocalamus, Phyllostachys, Shibataea, Pseudosasa, Sinarundinaria, Pleioblastus, Bambusa, Arundinaria. The types of bamboo are over 1000 in China has more than 400 species. Bamboo, which is fed pandas type Fargesia. It is particularly hard and a small diameter and is not used for other productive purposes.
Application of bamboo
Bamboo is widely used in cooking. It is given as an ingredient in the preparation of meals with fish, meat and vegetable dishes. The seeds of the bamboo similar in taste and nutritional properties of rice. The fabrics made of bamboo are very popular mainly because of antibacterial properties they own. While growing of bamboo it needed little or no pesticides. Scientists discovered that this valuable quality is the result of the presence of anti-bacterial bio agent called „Bamboo Kuhn.“ The bamboo Kuhn deeply embedded in bamboo cages, so endured so much in bamboo fabric.
The majority of the species are propagated by dividing the rhizome, but there are those that bloom and fruiting. Bamboo can withstand freezing temperatures and loves moisture. Bamboo is known to be one of the fastest growing plants on earth. Some species grow to over 100 cm per day and reaches 40 meters. His tree stems are extended to the spectacular height of 40 meters in diameter only 20-30 cm, reaching significant proportions.
The root system of bamboo allows the plant to restore itself after cutting the ground part which makes it indispensable as a rapidly-renewable resource. Bamboo forests separated by up to 35% more oxygen compared with an identical array of other trees. Sowing in deserted areas with bamboo can be a powerful weapon in the fight against global warming.